The Importance of Monitoring Diabetes


Managing diabetes can be overwhelming. There are so many things to consider, and it’s important to monitor your blood sugar levels on a regular basis. This helps you stay within the recommended range of glucose and other nutrients that help manage diabetes. Here are some ways to monitor your blood sugar:

Blood sugar testing

  • How often should you test?

You should test your blood sugar at least once a day, preferably after eating a meal and before going to bed. If you have type 1 diabetes or are pregnant, it is important to test more often than this-even up to four times per day.

  • What do high and low levels mean?

High blood sugar levels (also known as hyperglycemia) can cause serious health complications if left untreated. High blood sugar can lead to ketoacidosis, which can be fatal if not treated quickly with insulin therapy or IV fluids in the hospital setting; therefore it’s very important that people with diabetes monitor their glucose levels closely at all times using some form of a testing device such as a glucose meter with strips or an app connected wirelessly via Bluetooth technology

HbA1c test

The HbA1c test is a measure of your average blood glucose levels over the past two to three months. The higher your HbA1c level, the more likely it is that you have high blood sugar and could develop complications from diabetes.

Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1C) is a blood test that provides information on how well-controlled your diabetes has been over the last 2-3 months. This test measures both the amount of glucose in your body as well as how long it’s been there (also called “glycation”).

To get an accurate HbA1c measurement, it’s important to follow these guidelines:

  • Do not eat anything for 8 hours before having this test done. If possible, use an insulin pump during this period instead of taking injections so that no insulin is released into your system during this time period – this will ensure accurate results. Have someone else draw blood for you if possible; otherwise, try not to move around too much once the needle goes into place because the movement can cause errors with calibration systems used by some clinics/labs.

Ketone testing

Ketone testing is the process of detecting ketones in the urine. Ketones are produced when the body burns fat for energy, and they can be used as an indicator of poor glucose control in people with diabetes. When someone with diabetes does not have enough insulin (or their pancreas does not make any), their body begins to turn to other sources of fuel that do not require insulin for use. One such source is fatty acids stored in fat tissue; these fatty acids are broken down into ketones that then circulate in the bloodstream and come out through urine after being filtered by the kidneys via urination.

Blood pressure monitoring

Blood pressure is a vital sign that can be monitored by your doctor or healthcare provider. High blood pressure (hypertension) can lead to heart disease, stroke, and kidney failure. Low blood pressure (hypotension) can also be a serious condition if left untreated because it may cause fainting or dizziness.

The proper way to measure your blood pressure is with an automatic sphygmomanometer (sphygmo-manometer), which uses an inflatable cuff around the upper arm that squeezes the brachial artery in order to measure systolic and diastolic pressures.*

Blood lipid monitoring and cholesterol management

Blood lipid monitoring:

  • Cholesterol is a fat-like substance found in your blood. It’s necessary for making hormones, vitamin D, and bile acids that help digest fats. But too much cholesterol can build up on the artery walls and cause heart disease or stroke. There are different types of cholesterol: LDL (low-density lipoprotein) — considered “bad” cholesterol because it carries away excess fat from your liver; HDL (high-density lipoprotein) — considered “good” cholesterol because it takes excess fat from other parts of the body back to the liver; triglycerides — another type of fat found in the blood.
  • A normal triglyceride level is below 150 mg/dL (milligrams per deciliter). Triglycerides above 200 mg/dL are considered high risk for heart disease and diabetes complications such as kidney failure if uncontrolled over time

Urine testing for protein and glucose

  • Urine testing for protein and glucose is a simple and effective way to monitor kidney function.
  • Urine testing for blood glucose is also used to monitor blood glucose levels, which can be helpful in the diagnosis of diabetes or prediabetes.

Monitoring and managing weight

Monitoring weight is an important part of managing diabetes. Maintaining a healthy weight can help prevent type 2 diabetes, and losing weight can improve blood sugar levels in people with pre-diabetes or early-stage type 2 diabetes.

Weight loss also reduces blood pressure, cholesterol levels, and triglycerides (fat molecules).


In the end, monitoring and managing weight is the best way to prevent hypertension and type 2 diabetes. If you have been diagnosed with either of these conditions, then it’s important to begin an anti-obesity program as soon as possible.


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