Early Detection of Diabetic Retinopathy is Key to Preventing Vision Loss | 2023

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Diabetic retinopathy is a serious eye condition that affects people with diabetes. It is caused by changes in the blood vessels of the retina, the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye. If left untreated, diabetic retinopathy can lead to vision loss and even blindness. Early detection and treatment of diabetic retinopathy is key to preventing vision loss.

Diabetic retinopathy is the most common cause of vision loss among people with diabetes. It is caused by changes in the blood vessels of the retina, which can lead to swelling, leaking, and even the growth of new, abnormal blood vessels. These changes can cause vision loss by damaging the light-sensitive cells in the retina.

The good news is that diabetic retinopathy can be detected early and treated before it causes vision loss. People with diabetes should have a comprehensive eye exam at least once a year. During the exam, the doctor will look for signs of diabetic retinopathy, such as swelling, leaking, or abnormal blood vessels. If any of these signs are present, the doctor may recommend further testing, such as a fluorescein angiogram or optical coherence tomography (OCT).

Treatment for diabetic retinopathy depends on the severity of the condition. In mild cases, the doctor may recommend lifestyle changes, such as controlling blood sugar levels and quitting smoking. In more severe cases, the doctor may recommend laser surgery or injections of medications into the eye.

Early detection and treatment of diabetic retinopathy is key to preventing vision loss. People with diabetes should have a comprehensive eye exam at least once a year to check for signs of diabetic retinopathy. If any signs are present, the doctor may recommend further testing and treatment. With early detection and treatment, people with diabetes can protect their vision and maintain their quality of life.

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