Diabetes Self-Care and Knowledge Practices Regarding Diabetic Retinopathy in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Descriptive Study

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Introduction

Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a collection of chronic metabolic diseases characterized by high blood sugar levels due to either an inability to produce insulin, insulin resistance, or both. One complication of DM is diabetic retinopathy, a condition that results in damage to the blood vessels in the retina. Understanding the knowledge and self-care practices of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus regarding diabetic retinopathy is crucial in managing this condition effectively.

Knowledge and Self-Care Practices Regarding Diabetic Retinopathy

Study Design and Sampling Technique

A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at the Endocrine Department of Lahore General Hospital. The estimated sample size for the study was 208 nurses. Convenient sampling technique was used to gather data for the study.

Knowledge Regarding Diabetic Retinopathy

The results of the study showed that the majority of participants (86.5%) had poor knowledge regarding diabetic retinopathy, while only 13.5% had good knowledge. This indicates a lack of understanding among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus about diabetic retinopathy.

Association Between Knowledge and Socio-Demographic Characteristics

No significant association was found between knowledge and socio-demographic characteristics of the participants. This means that knowledge about diabetic retinopathy was not influenced by factors such as age, gender, education level, or occupation.

Self-Care Practices Regarding Diabetic Retinopathy

The majority of participants (63.5%) had incompetent self-care practices, while only 34.1% had good practices. This indicates a need for improvement in the self-care behaviors of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Association Between Self-Care Practices and Socio-Demographic Characteristics

Similar to knowledge, no significant association was found between self-care practices and socio-demographic characteristics of the participants. Factors such as age, gender, education level, and occupation did not have an impact on the self-care behaviors of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Discussion and Conclusion

The findings of this study suggest that patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus have poor knowledge and self-care practices regarding diabetic retinopathy. There was no significant association between knowledge, self-care behaviors, and socio-demographic characteristics of the participants. This highlights the need for targeted interventions and education programs to improve the understanding and management of diabetic retinopathy among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

External References

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