Effectiveness of a Mobile Application for Adherence to Foot in People with Type 2 Diabetes: A Randomized Controlled Trial

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Introduction

In this article, we will discuss the effectiveness of a mobile application for adherence to foot in people with type 2 diabetes at risk for ulcer. We conducted a double-blind randomized controlled trial with people with type 2 diabetes in a secondary healthcare unit. The participants were divided into two groups: the intervention group, which underwent standard nursing consultations and used the mobile application, and the control group, which received only standard nursing consultations. We measured the adherence to foot using questionnaires on diabetes activities and adherence to foot.

Study Overview

The aim of this study was to analyze the effectiveness of a mobile application for adherence to foot in people with type 2 diabetes at risk for ulcer. We recruited a total of 42 patients, who were matched and allocated into two groups: the intervention group and the control group.

Intervention Group

The intervention group consisted of patients who underwent standard nursing consultations and used the mobile application. The mobile application was designed to help patients monitor their foot health and maintain adherence to foot care practices.

Control Group

The control group consisted of patients who received only standard nursing consultations. They did not use the mobile application.

Results

We analyzed the data using measures of central tendency and dispersion, as well as bivariate associations. The intragroup and intergroup analyses did not show statistical significance regarding diabetes. However, the intervention group showed a considerable increase in the frequency of daily assessments and adherence to foot. The p-values for these outcomes were .048 and .046, respectively.

Discussion

The use of the mobile application, combined with nursing consultations, significantly increased the adherence to foot care among people with type 2 diabetes. This finding suggests that educational technology, such as mobile applications, can be an effective tool for promoting self-care in individuals with diabetes.

Conclusion

In conclusion, our study demonstrates that the use of a mobile application can improve adherence to foot care in people with type 2 diabetes. By providing patients with a convenient and accessible tool for monitoring their foot health, we can enhance self-care practices and reduce the risk of foot ulcers. Healthcare professionals should consider incorporating mobile applications into their diabetes management strategies.

References

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